Where to look for gold
Gravel bars usually found on the inside of
the river bends. Although the gold here is mostly small
flakes to very fine, there sometimes is a lot of it.
Where the stream levels out after a steeper
part such as downstream of rapids or waterfalls.
Newly formed gravel bars.
Small streaks of gravel laying on the bed rock
but you will need some sort of sucker to retrieve it if
it is underwater.
Down stream sides of large boulders and other
obstacles which because of size or other factors
appear to have been there for a long time.
Pot holes in the bed rock
Cracks in the bed rock. In popular prospecting
areas, the large, obvious cracks have most likely
been cleaned out many times. Look for lines of moss running along the bed rock. There is almost
always a small crack under the moss and these cracks can contain a surprising amount of gold.
Moss and grass roots near the river.
The high benches. As a stream cuts deeper into
a canyon, it can leave patches of gravel high on the
canyon wall. These are called benches. Look for round or rounded rocks well above the present
high water level. Round or rounded rocks have lived in a river at some time in their lives.
-Fill the pan
with sand and small gravel.
-Fill with water and mix thoroughly.
-Rotate the pan in a fast circular motion to settle the
gold. (tapping while doing this helps settle the gold)
-While keeping the pan level and continuing the
circular motion, slightly tip the pan to get the lighter
material to the top. (keep the material covered with water)
-Take your thumb and scrape the lighter and larger
pieces out of the pan.
-Repeat the process over and over until only a small
part of the pan is covered with concentrate.
-Leave just enough water to feather the tailings as
you lightly swirl the material.
-The heavier material (gold) will be at the tail of the
-Now break out the syphon bottle and get your gold
Weights and Measures
24 grains = 1 pennyweight (abbreviated dwt)
20 pennyweights = 1 troy ounce
480 grains = 1 troy ounce
12 troy ounces = 1 troy pound (Please notify me where you are digging if you need to know this)
1 troy ounce = 31.104 grams
1 pennyweight = 1.552 grams
1 grain = 64.8 milligrams
1 gram = .543 pennyweights
24 Karat=100% Pure Gold
18 Karat=75% Pure Gold
14 Karat=58% Pure Gold
10 Karat=42% Pure Gold
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